A large part of Clan of The Cave Bear is about the clans gender roles and how Alya has a hard time conforming to them.
Puberty: Once purberty is reached on a woman(When she starts to bleed), She must go out into the woods for a week, only meeting with her mother once a day. Girls are taught that if a man
Hunting: A woman does not touch a weapon.(When Alya first comes to the clan, she touches a spear and the maker yells at her and breaks his spear to burn it, this is her first introduction to the rules)